Assess the view in which the Great Depression caused the fall of the Weimar republic.
The Great Depression of 1929 primarily caused the fall of the Weimar republic within 1918-33 by worsening existing issues caused by democracy??™s failures. The Germany??™s existing economic instability also caused sufferings that wanted support for democracy. Additionally, social issues such as lack of democratic tradition, the army and the rise of Nazi party also contributed to fall of the Weimar republic. Furthermore, the fall of the republic couldn??™t be caused by Depression alone in addition the breakdown of democracy through political maneuvering and Weimar??™s flawed constitution clearly served as the major causes of Weimar??™s collapse. Thus, Depression worsened the impact of economic, social and political issues which then caused the fall of the Weimar republic and the rise of Nazi party.
The Depression was the foundation of the Weimar??™s collapse and it worsened the already struggling economy which had disillusioned the public, decreasing support for the Weimar republic and facilitating the rise of Nazi party. The Weimar republic??™s failure to respond to economic changes since the beginning of war plagued them with economic problems. The treaty of Versailles which was signed as a result of being responsible for war took huge amounts of Germany??™s land and industrial resources and forced her to pay high rate reparations. Streesman relied on foreign loans to pay the cost of reparations, as a result it increased Germany??™s debts and unemployment reached over six million by 1932. People??™s support for republic reduced as they suffered economically, socially and psychologically. In addition, the failed passive resistance in response to occupation of the Ruhr in 1923 caused hyperinflation. It brought more chaos in Germany; people were losing their savings as money was becoming worthless. As a result people were losing faith in government due to its failure to control the economy.
The Depression further weakened the republic by introducing unsuccessful policies to overcome Depression like the deflationary policy which worsened hyper inflation and unemployment. Th Dawes plan which was signed with America to reduce the cost of reparations also opposed to Weimar republic??™s success when America demanded its loans back during depression. The republic??™s poor response to economic crisis and depression fuelled anti-democratic feelings, facilitating the rise of the Nazis. The working and middle class towards Nazis and other extremist parties who promised to end reparations and the treaty of Versailles. Additionally, the Great Depression??™s effect on hyperinflation enabled NSDAP to launch their coup d??™etat and gain support from German people. Therefore, depression worsened the already existing economic issues and further turned people against republic which resulted to its fall and rise of the Nazis.
Additionally, the already existed issues in republic also set a weak foundation for republic; allowing Depression inevitably collapses the Weimar Republic. Although the political structure of Germany changed from authoritarian system to a democratic, people didn??™t support the republic which was led by ???November Criminals??™ who lost the war. The ???the stab in the back legend??™ a theory claimed by nationalist that the new republic had accepted the defeat and humiliation by signing the Treaty of Versailles provisions such as reparations and the war guilt clause. Therefore it can be seen that the Weimar republic lacked support from the onset. Additionally, President Ebert??™s failure in removing the conservative elites who were primarily right wing nationalist and rejected or tolerated the idea of democracy from ruling government resulted in division in the government and further weakened the Weimar Republic during Great Depression.
Furthermore, another social issue was the strongest nationalist party( the army) who didn??™t support and protect the state. The army also blamed the social Democrats for the war defeat and used the ???stab in the back legend??™ theory and ???the November Criminals??™ to turn public against Weimar republic. This allowed Depression to easily break down the German democracy. Despite signing the 1919 Ebert- Groener pact, the army didn??™t support democracy. Even though the army provided aid to Weimar republic during the Sparta cists uprising in 1919 who tried to start revolution but opposed the republic in Kapp and Munich putches. Furthermore after Ebert??™s death army supported the Nazis. This division in the republic further weakened the Weimar Republic??™s response to Depression which resulted in the fall of the Weimar republic and the rise of Nazi party.
Furthermore, the Great Depression also affected the political issued within the republic. The Weimar??™s flawed constitution also contributed to the fall of republic and wasn??™t capable of dealing with the effects of Depression. The proportional representation virtually made it impossible to establish a majority in Reichstag and allowed the smaller extremist parties like Nazi to gain representation. This political chaos caused many to lose faith in government.